Distr.
GENERAL

E/CN.4/1998/177, E/1998/23
30 March 1998


Original: ENGLISH
COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

REPORT ON THE FIFTY-FOURTH SESSION

(16 March­24 April 1998)


Economic and Social Council



CONTENTS

Chapter


I. DRAFT RESOLUTIONS AND DECISIONS RECOMMENDED FOR
ADOPTION BY THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

A. Draft resolutions

I. Question of a draft declaration on the right and responsibility of individuals, groups and organs of society to promote and protect universally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms

II. Working group of the Commission on Human Rights to elaborate a draft declaration in accordance with paragraph 5 of General Assembly resolution 49/214 of 23 December 1994

III. Question of a draft optional protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

B. Draft decisions

1. The use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination

2. Adverse effects of the illicit movement and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on the enjoyment of human rights

3. Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People

4. Migrants and human rights

5. Implementation of the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief

6. Rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities

7. A permanent forum for indigenous people in the United Nations system

8. The right to food

9. Effects on the full enjoyment of human rights of the economic adjustment policies arising from foreign debt and, in particular, on the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to Development

10. Human rights and extreme poverty

11. Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

12. Effective implementation of international instruments on human rights, including reporting obligations under international instruments on human rights

13. Question of the realization in all countries of the economic, social and cultural rights contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and study of special problems which the developing countries face in their efforts to achieve these human rights

14. Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

15. Question of enforced or involuntary disappearances

16. The right to restitution, compensation and rehabilitation for victims of grave violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms

17. Internally displaced persons

18. National institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights

19. Situation of human rights in Cambodia

20. Situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

21. Situation of human rights in Myanmar

22. Situation of human rights in Nigeria

23. Situation of human rights in Iraq

24. Situation of human rights in the Sudan

25. Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

26. Situation of human rights in Rwanda

27. Situation of human rights in Afghanistan

28. Situation of human rights in Equatorial Guinea and assistance in the field of human rights

29. The right to development

30. Human rights and thematic procedures

31. Rights of the child

32. Situation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

33. Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

34. Situation of human rights in Burundi

35. Question of resources for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the human rights activities of the United Nations

36. Effects of structural adjustment policies on the full enjoyment of human rights

37. Protection of the heritage of indigenous people

38. Freedom of movement and population transfer

39. Human rights and terrorism

40. Question of human rights and states of emergency

41. Organization of the work of the fifty-fifth session of the Commission on Human Rights

42. Organization of the work of the fifty-fifth session of the Commission on Human Rights



II. RESOLUTIONS AND DECISIONS ADOPTED BY THE COMMISSION AT ITS FIFTY-FOURTH SESSION


A. Resolutions

1998/1. Question of the violation of human rights in the occupied Arab territories, including Palestine

1998/2. Human rights in the occupied Syrian Golan

1998/3. Israeli settlements in the occupied Arab territories

1998/4. Situation in occupied Palestine

1998/5. Question of Western Sahara

1998/6. The use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination

1998/7. Question of a draft declaration on the right and responsibility of individuals, groups and organs of society to promote and protect universally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms

1998/8. Question of the death penalty

1998/9. Status of the International Covenants on Human Rights

1998/10. Fiftieth anniversary of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

1998/11. Human rights and unilateral coercive measures

1998/12. Adverse effects of the illicit movement and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on the enjoyment of human rights

1998/13. Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People

1998/14. Working group of the Commission on Human Rights to elaborate a draft declaration in accordance with paragraph 5 of General Assembly resolution 49/214 of 23 December 1994

1998/15. International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

1998/16. Migrants and human rights

1998/17. Violence against women migrant workers

1998/18. Implementation of the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief

1998/19. Rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities

1998/20. A permanent forum for indigenous people in the United Nations system

1998/21. Tolerance and pluralism as indivisible elements in the promotion and protection of human rights

1998/22. Assistance to Guatemala in the field of human rights

1998/23. The right to food

1998/24. Effects on the full enjoyment of human rights of the economic adjustment policies arising from foreign debt and, in particular, on the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to Development

1998/25. Human rights and extreme poverty

1998/26. Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

1998/27. Effective implementation of international instruments on human rights, including reporting obligations under international instruments on human rights

1998/28. Work of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities

1998/29. Minimum humanitarian standards

1998/30. Traffic in women and girls

1998/31. Human rights of persons with disabilities

1998/32. Privatization of prisons

1998/33. Question of the realization in all countries of the economic, social and cultural rights contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and study of special problems which the developing countries face in their efforts to achieve these human rights

1998/34. Question of a draft optional protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

1998/35. Independence and impartiality of the judiciary, jurors and assessors and the independence of lawyers

1998/36. Human rights and forensic science

1998/37. United Nations staff

1998/38. Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

1998/39. Human rights in the administration of justice, in particular of children and juveniles in detention

1998/40. Question of enforced or involuntary disappearances

1998/41. Question of arbitrary detention

1998/42. Right to freedom of opinion and expression

1998/43. The right to restitution, compensation and rehabilitation for victims of grave violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms

1998/44. Regional arrangements for the promotion and protection of human rights in the Asian and Pacific region

1998/45. United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education

1998/46. Composition of the staff of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

1998/47. Human rights and terrorism

1998/48. Human rights and arbitrary deprivation of nationality

1998/49. Human rights and mass exoduses

1998/50. Internally displace persons

1998/51. Integrating the human rights of women throughout the United Nations system

1998/52. The elimination of violence against women

1998/53. Impunity

1998/54. Towards a culture of peace

1998/55. National institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights

1998/56. Fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1998/57. Advisory services, technical cooperation and the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights

1998/58. Situation of human rights in Haiti

1998/59. Assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights

1998/60. Situation of human rights in Cambodia

1998/61. Situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

1998/62. Human rights situation in southern Lebanon and western Bekka

1998/63. Situation of human rights in Myanmar

1998/64. Situation of human rights in Nigeria

1998/65. Situation of human rights in Iraq

1998/66. Cooperation with representatives of United Nations human rights bodies

1998/67. Situation of human rights in the Sudan

1998/68. Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

1998/69. Situation of human rights in Rwanda

1998/70. Situation of human rights in Afghanistan

1998/71. Situation of human rights in Equatorial Guinea and assistance in the field of human rights

1998/72. The right to development

1998/73. Hostage-taking

1998/74. Human rights and thematic procedures

1998/75. Abduction of children from northern Uganda

1998/76. Rights of the child

1998/77. Conscientious objection to military service

1998/78. Comprehensive implementation of and follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action

1998/79. Situation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

1998/80. Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

1998/81. Enhancement of international cooperation in the field of human rights

1998/82. Situation of human rights in Burundi

1998/83. Question of resources for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the human rights activities of the United Nations

1998/84. Restructuring of the agenda of the Commission on Human Rights



B. Decisions

1998/101. Organization of work

1998/102. Effects of structural adjustment policies on the full enjoyment of human rights

1998/103. Protection of the heritage of indigenous people

1998/104. Human rights and scientific and technological developments

1998/105. Study concerning the right to freedom of movement

1998/106. Freedom of movement and population transfer

1998/107. Human rights and terrorism

1998/108. Question of human rights and states of emergency

1998/109. Question of human rights in Cyprus

1998/110. Organization of the work of the fifty-fifth session of the Commission

1998/111. Organization of the work of the fifty-fifth session of the Commission

1998/112. Enhancing the effectiveness of the mechanisms of the Commission on Human Rights


III. ORGANIZATION OF THE WORK OF THE SESSION 1 - 46

A. Opening and duration of the session 1 - 2

B. Attendance 3

C. Election of officers 4

D. Agenda 5 - 6

E. Organization of work 7 - 33

F. Meetings, resolutions and documentation 34 - 37

G. Visits 38 - 39

H. Other matters 40 - 41

I. Organization of the work of the fifty-fifth session of the Commission 42 - 45

J. Concluding remarks 46


IV. QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE OCCUPIED ARAB TERRITORIES, INCLUDING PALESTINE 47 - 70

V. QUESTION OF THE REALIZATION IN ALL COUNTRIES OF THE ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS CONTAINED IN THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND IN THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, AND STUDY OF SPECIAL PROBLEMS WHICH THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES FACE IN THEIR EFFORTS TO ACHIEVE THESE HUMAN RIGHTS, INCLUDING:

(a) Problems related to the right to enjoy an adequate standard of living; foreign debt, economic adjustment policies and their effects on the full enjoyment of human rights and, in particular, on the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to Development;

(b) The effects of the existing unjust international economic order on the economies of the developing countries, and the obstacle that this represents for the implementation of human rights and fundamental freedoms 71 - 115

VI. QUESTION OF THE REALIZATION OF THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT 116 - 128

VII. THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO SELF-DETERMINATION AND ITS APPLICATION TO PEOPLES UNDER COLONIAL OR ALIEN DOMINATION OR FOREIGN OCCUPATION 129 - 152

VIII. QUESTION OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF ALL PERSONS SUBJECTED TO ANY FORM OF DETENTION OR IMPRISONMENT, IN PARTICULAR:

(a) Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;

(b) Status of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;

(c) Question of enforced or involuntary disappearances;

(d) Question of a draft optional protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 153 - 204

IX. FURTHER PROMOTION AND ENCOURAGEMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS, INCLUDING THE QUESTION OF THE PROGRAMME AND METHODS OF WORK OF THE COMMISSION:

(a) Alternative approaches and ways and means within the United Nations system for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms;

(b) National institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights;

(c) Coordinating role of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights within the United Nations bodies and machinery dealing with the promotion and protection of human rights;

(d) Human rights, mass exoduses and displaced persons 205 - 301

X. QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS IN ANY PART OF THE WORLD, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO COLONIAL AND OTHER DEPENDENT COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES, INCLUDING:

(a) Question of human rights in Cyprus:


(b) Study of situations which appear to reveal a consistent pattern of gross violations of human rights as provided for in Commission resolution 8 (XXIII) and Economic and Social Council resolutions 1235 (XLII) and 1503 (XLVIII): report of the Working Group on Situations established by Economic and Social Council resolution 1990/41 of 25 May 1990 302 - 421

XI. MEASURES TO IMPROVE THE SITUATION AND ENSURE THE HUMAN RIGHTS AND DIGNITY OF ALL MIGRANT WORKERS 422 - 437

XII. RACISM, RACIAL DISCRIMINATION, XENOPHOBIA AND RELATED INTOLERANCE 438 - 451

XIII. STATUS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS 452 - 469

XIV. EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF BODIES ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS 470 - 481

XV. REPORT OF THE SUB-COMMISSION ON PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION AND PROTECTION OF MINORITIES ON ITS FORTY-NINTH SESSION 482 - 520

XVI. RIGHTS OF PERSONS BELONGING TO NATIONAL OR ETHNIC, RELIGIOUS AND LINGUISTIC MINORITIES 521 - 546

XVII. ADVISORY SERVICES IN THE FIELD OF HUMAN RIGHTS 547 - 571

XVIII. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DECLARATION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF INTOLERANCE AND OF DISCRIMINATION BASED ON RELIGION OR BELIEF 572 - 581

XIX. DRAFTING OF A DECLARATION ON THE RIGHT AND RESPONSIBILITY OF INDIVIDUALS, GROUPS AND ORGANS OF SOCIETY TO PROMOTE AND PROTECT UNIVERSALLY RECOGNIZED HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS 582 - 590

XX. RIGHTS OF THE CHILD, INCLUDING;

(a) Status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child;

(b) Report of the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography;

(c) Programme of Action for the Prevention of the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography;

(d) Question of a draft optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, as well as the basic measures needed for their prevention and eradication 591 - 617

XXI. FOLLOW-UP TO THE WORLD CONFERENCE ON HUMAN
RIGHTS 618 - 626

XXII. THE QUESTION OF CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION TO
MILITARY SERVICE 627 - 635

XXIII. INDIGENOUS ISSUES 636 - 670

XXIV. ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE SUB-COMMISSION ON
PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION AND PROTECTION
OF MINORITIES 671 - 677

XXV. DRAFT PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE FIFTY-FIFTH
SESSION OF THE COMMISSION 678 - 683

XXVI. REPORT TO THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL ON THE FIFTY-FOURTH SESSION OF THE COMMISSION 684

Annexes

I. Attendance

II. Agenda

III. Administrative and programme budget implications of resolutions and decisions adopted by the Commission at its fifty-fourth session

IV. List of documents issued for the fifty-fourth session of the Commission

V. Resolutions and decisions adopted by the Commission and statements made by the Chairman on behalf of the Commission at its fifty-fourth session


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