Distr.
GENERAL

E/CN.4/1998/40/Add.1
19 December 1997


Original: ENGLISH

COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
Fifty-fourth session
Item 8 of the provisional agenda

QUESTION OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF ALL PERSONS SUBJECTED
TO ANY FORM OF DETENTION OR IMPRISONMENT


Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom
of opinion and expression, Mr. Abid Hussain, submitted pursuant
to Commission resolution 1997/27


Addendum

Report on the mission of the Special Rapporteur to
the Republic of Belarus (28 May - 1 June 1997)

CONTENTS

Introduction

I. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

II. PRINCIPAL CONSIDERATIONS AND CONCERNS

A. Legal framework
1. International obligations
2. National legislation

B. Principal observations and concerns
1. The media
2. Other concerns relevant to the promotion and respect for the right to freedom of opinion and expression

III. CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS

IV. RECOMMENDATIONS

Annex. Persons with whom the Special Rapporteur met during his visit .

Introduction
I. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
II. PRINCIPAL CONSIDERATIONS AND CONCERNS

A. Legal framework
1. International obligations
2. National legislation
(a) The Constitution
(b) The Law on the Press and Other Mass Media
(c) Other legislation with a direct impact on the exercise of the right to freedom of opinion and expression
B. Principal observations and concerns

1. The media
(a) The Print media
(b) The broadcast media
(c) Election and referendum coverage
(d) Harassment and violence against individual journalists
2. Other concerns relevant to the promotion and respect for the right to freedom of opinion and expression

(a) Writers
(b) Demonstrations
(c) Civil Society
III. CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS
V. RECOMMENDATIONS
Annex

PERSONS WITH WHOM THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR MET DURING HIS VISIT

The Government of the Republic of Belarus

Ms. Nina N. Mazai, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs

Mr. Mikhail Khvostov, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs

Ms. Natalya Drozd, Director, Department of International Humanitarian Cooperation and Human Rights, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Mr. Ivan Pashkevich, Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration

Mr. Gennady Vorontsov, Minister of Justice

Mr. Victor Grigorievitch Golovanov, Deputy Minister of Justice

Mr. Yuri V. Tarabrin, Deputy Minister of the Interior

Mr. Oleg Bozhelko, General Procurator

Mr. Vladimir P. Zametalin, Chairman, State Committee for the Press

Mr. Grigory Kisel, Chairman of the National State Television and Radio Company

Mr. Yuri Kulakovski, Chairman, Committee for Human Rights and National Relations of the National Assembly

Mr. Gennady P. Alekseenko, Deputy Chairman, Committee for Human Rights and National Relations

Members of the 13th Supreme Soviet

Mr. Gennady Dmitrievich Karpenko, Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

Mr. Syamen Georgievich Sharetsky, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

Professionals in the information sector

Mr. Iosif Seredich, Editor-in-chief, Narodnaya Volja

Mr. Yury Drakohrust, Journalist, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty

Ms. Zhanna Litvina, Journalist and President, Association of Independent Journalists

Mr. Oleg Guzdilovich, Journalist, Svaboda

Mr. Mikhail Shimansky, Editor-in-chief, Narodnaya Gazeta

Mr. Ivan Germianchuk, Editor-in-chief, Svaboda

Mr. Alexander Mikhalchuk, Deputy Editor-in-chief, Belorusskaya Gazeta

Editors of independent regional newspapers

Non-governmental organizations

Mr. Eugene Novikov, President, Belarus League for Human Rights

Ms. Tatsyna Pratsko, Belarus Helsinki Committee

Mr. Vasyl Bykov, President, Pen Centre

Mr. Carlos Sherman, Vice-President, Pen Centre

Mr. Ales Antipenko, Acting Executive Director, Soros Foundation, Belarus

Mr. Mikhail Kozlovsky, Acting Chairman of the Executive Board, Children of Chernobyl

Mr. Vladimir N. Makarchuk, Trade Union of Minsk Underground Railway Workers

Ms. Svetlana Uelskaya, Chairman, Belarusian Women Workers' Organization

Mr. Alexander Dobner, Independent Trade Union of Belarus

Other individuals

Mr. Michhail I. Pastukhov, former Judge, Constitutional Court

Mr. Yuri Khadyka, Vice-Chairman, Belarusian Popular Front

Mr. Vincuk Viachorka, Vice-Chairman, Belarusian Popular Front[back to the contents]

Notes

1. Charter of Union of Belarus and Russia (unofficial translation by the BBC).[back to the text]

2. For an analysis of the media coverage preceding the referendum see: The European Institute for the Media, "Monitoring the media coverage of the Belarusian referendum in November 1996. Final Report". Düsseldorf, February 1997.[back to the text]

3. General Comment 10, article 19, nineteenth session, 1983, para. 3.[back to the text]
Click here for document in PDF format.


HOME | SITE MAP | SEARCH | INDEX | DOCUMENTS | TREATIES | MEETINGS | PRESS | STATEMENTS



© Copyright 1996-2000
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Geneva, Switzerland