1995/47. Decade for Human Rights Education

The Commission on Human Rights,

Guided by the fundamental and universal principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

Reaffirming article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in accordance with which education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Recalling the provisions of other international human rights instruments, such as those of article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and article 28 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, that reflect the aims of the aforementioned article,

Convinced that human rights education, both formal and non-formal, should involve more than the provision of information and should constitute a comprehensive life-long process by which people at all levels of development and in all strata of society learn respect for the dignity of others and the means and methods of ensuring that respect in all societies,

Convinced also that human rights education contributes to a concept of development consistent with the dignity of women and men of all ages which takes into account the diverse segments of society, such as children, indigenous people, minorities and disabled persons,

Noting that human rights education is one of the six major elements of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (A/CONF.157/23) adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights in June 1993,

Bearing in mind the report of the Secretary-General on human rights education, submitted to the General Assembly in accordance with the request contained in Assembly resolution 48/127 of 21 December 1993 (A/49/261 and Add.1),

Considering General Assembly resolution 49/184 of 23 December 1994, in which the Assembly proclaimed the 10-year period beginning on 1 January 1995 the United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education and welcomed the Plan of Action for the United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education, 1995-2004, as contained in the report of the Secretary-General,

Believing that human rights education is a key element in helping each woman, man and child to realize their full human potential and to make them aware of all their human rights,

Believing also that human rights education constitutes an important vehicle for the elimination of gender-based discrimination and ensuring equal opportunities through the promotion and protection of the human rights of women,

Recalling that it is the responsibility of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to coordinate relevant United Nations education and public information programmes in the field of human rights, and also to coordinate the implementation of the Plan of Action,

Taking note of the report of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to the General Assembly, in which he declared that human rights education was essential for encouragement of harmonious intercommunity relations, for mutual tolerance and understanding and finally for peace (A/49/36, para. 94),

1. Calls upon all Governments to contribute, in cooperation with non-governmental organizations, educators and the media, to the implementation of the Plan of Action for the United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education, 1995-2004 and in particular to consider, in accordance with national conditions, the establishment of a national focal point for human rights education, the development and implementation of an action-oriented national plan for human rights education and the creation of a national resource and training centre for human rights education, as foreseen in the Plan of Action;

2. Invites Governments to transmit to the High Commissioner for Human Rights comments with a view to supplementing the Plan of Action, and requests the High Commissioner to submit to the Commission at its fifty-second session his proposals for supplementing the Plan of Action, taking into account the views submitted by Governments;

3. Requests the High Commissioner to coordinate the implementation of the Plan of Action and to carry out the other tasks enumerated therein;

4. Also requests the High Commissioner for Human Rights, with the assistance of the Centre for Human Rights and in cooperation with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, to carry out the survey of human rights education and prepare the preliminary report provided for in the Plan of Action as soon as possible and to convene, at the appropriate time, the international planning conference for the Decade;

5. Requests the Centre for Human Rights, in cooperation with Member States, human rights treaty-monitoring bodies, other appropriate bodies and competent non-governmental organizations, to support efforts by the High Commissioner for Human Rights in the implementation of the Plan of Action;

6. Requests the Secretary-General to consider the possibility of establishing a voluntary fund within the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to be used in the implementation of the Plan of Action of the Decade for Human Rights Education with special emphasis on support for the human rights education activities of non-governmental organizations;

7. Requests the existing human rights monitoring bodies to place emphasis on the implementation by Member States of their international obligation to promote human rights education;

8. Invites all relevant specialized agencies, in particular the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the International Labour Organization, and United Nations programmes, especially the United Nations Children's Fund, to contribute, within their respective spheres of competence, to the implementation of the Decade for Human Rights Education;

9. Calls upon international, regional and national non-governmental organizations, in particular those concerned with women, labour, development and the environment, as well as all other social justice groups, human rights advocates, educators, religious organizations and the media, to increase their involvement in formal and non-formal education in human rights and to cooperate with the Centre for Human Rights in implementing the Plan of Action;

10. Decides to consider the question of human rights education under item 11 of its agenda, beginning with its fifty-second session.
53rd meeting
3 March 1995
[Adopted without a vote. See chap. XI. E/CN.4/1995/176]


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