Question of Western Sahara

Commission on Human Rights resolution 1998/5



The Commission on Human Rights,

Having considered in depth the question of Western Sahara,

Reaffirming the inalienable right of all peoples to self­determination and independence, in accordance with the principles set forth in the Charter of the United Nations and in General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, containing the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,

Recalling its resolution 1997/5 of 26 March 1997,

Recalling also the agreement in principle given on 30 August 1988 by the Kingdom of Morocco and the Frente Popular para la Liberación de Saguia el­Hamra y de Río de Oro to the proposals of the Secretary­General of the United Nations and the then Chairman of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity in the context of their joint mission of good offices,

Recalling further Security Council resolutions 658 (1990) of 27 June 1990 and 690 (1991) of 29 April 1991, by which the Council approved the settlement plan for Western Sahara,

Recalling all the Security Council and General Assembly resolutions relating to the question of Western Sahara,

Taking note with satisfaction of the entry into force of the ceasefire in Western Sahara in accordance with the proposal of the Secretary­General, and stressing the importance it attaches to the maintenance of the ceasefire as an integral part of the settlement plan,
Taking note also with satisfaction of the agreements reached by the two parties during their private direct talks aimed at the implementation of the settlement plan, and stressing the importance it attaches to a full, fair and faithful implementation of the settlement plan and the agreements aimed at its implementation,

Taking note of Security Council resolution 1131 (1997) of 29 September 1997,

Recalling that the General Assembly has examined the relevant chapter of the report of the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (A/52/23 (Part V), chap. IX),

Having also examined the report of the Secretary­General (A/52/364 and Add.1),

1. Takes note of the report of the Secretary­General;

2. Takes note with satisfaction of the agreements reached between the Kingdom of Morocco and the Frente Popular para la Liberación de Saguia el­Hamra y de Río de Oro for the implementation of the settlement plan during their private direct talks under the auspices of Mr. James Baker III, the Personal Envoy of the Secretary­General, and urges the parties to implement those agreements fully and faithfully;

3. Urges the two parties to continue their cooperation with the Secretary­General and his Personal Envoy and to refrain from undertaking anything that would undermine the implementation of the settlement plan and the agreements reached for its implementation;

4. Commends the Secretary­General and his Personal Envoy for their efforts in reaching these agreements, as well as the two parties for the cooperation they have shown, and urges them to continue this cooperation in order to facilitate the speedy implementation of the settlement plan;

5. Reaffirms the responsibility of the United Nations towards the people of Western Sahara, as provided for in the settlement plan;

6. Reiterates its support for further efforts of the Secretary­General for the organization and the supervision by the United Nations, in cooperation with the Organization of African Unity, of a referendum for self­determination of the people of Western Sahara, in conformity with Security Council resolutions 658 (1990) and 690 (1991), by which the Council approved the settlement plan for Western Sahara;

7. Notes that the General Assembly has requested the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples to continue to consider the situation in Western Sahara, bearing in mind the positive ongoing implementation of the settlement plan, and to report thereon to the Assembly at its fifty­third session;

8. Also notes that the General Assembly has invited the Secretary­General to submit to it at its fifty­third session a report on the implementation of its resolution 52/75 of 10 December 1997.

20th meeting
27 March 1998

[Adopted without a vote. See chap. VII.]


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