Implementation of the Declaration on the Elimination
of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination
Based on Religion or Belief

Commission on Human Rights resolution 1998/18



The Commission on Human Rights,

Recalling that all States have pledged themselves, under the Charter of the United Nations, to promote and encourage universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion,

Recalling also General Assembly resolution 36/55 of 25 November 1981, by which the Assembly proclaimed the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief,

Recalling further article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Part II, paragraphs 22 and 38, of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (A/CONF.157/23), and other relevant international provisions,

Emphasizing that the right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion and belief is far­reaching and profound, and that it encompasses freedom of thought on all matters, personal conviction and the commitment to religion or belief, whether manifested individually or in community with others,

1. Takes note of the report of the Special Rapporteur on religious intolerance (E/CN.4/1998/6 and Add.1 and 2);

2. Condemns all forms of intolerance and of discrimination based on religion or belief;

3. Encourages the efforts made by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to coordinate in the field of human rights the activities of relevant United Nations organs, bodies and mechanisms dealing with all forms of intolerance and of discrimination based on religion or belief;

4. Urges States:

(a) To ensure that their constitutional and legal systems provide adequate and effective guarantees of freedom of thought, conscience, religion and belief to all without discrimination, including the provision of effective remedies in cases where the right to freedom of religion or belief is violated;

(b) To ensure, in particular, that no one within their jurisdiction is deprived of the right to life or the right to liberty and security of person because of religion or belief, or is subjected to torture or arbitrary arrest or detention on that account;

(c) In conformity with international standards of human rights, to take all necessary action to combat hatred, intolerance and acts of violence, intimidation and coercion motivated by intolerance based on religion or belief, including practices which violate the human rights of women and discriminate against women;

(d) To recognize, as provided in the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief, the right of all persons to worship or assemble in connection with a religion or belief and to establish and maintain places for these purposes;

(e) To ensure that, in the course of their official duties, members of law enforcement bodies, civil servants, educators and other public officials respect different religions and beliefs and do not discriminate on the grounds of religion or belief;

(f) To exert their utmost efforts, in accordance with their national legislation and in conformity with international human rights standards, to ensure that religious places, sites and shrines are fully respected and protected;

(g) To promote and encourage through the educational system, and by other means, understanding, tolerance and respect in matters relating to freedom of religion or belief;

5. Emphasizes that, as underlined by the Human Rights Committee, restrictions on the freedom to manifest religion or belief are permitted only if limitations are prescribed by law, are necessary to protect public safety, order, health or morals, or the fundamental rights and freedoms of others, and are applied in a manner that does not vitiate the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion;

6. Encourages the continuing efforts by the Special Rapporteur to examine incidents and governmental actions in all parts of the world that are incompatible with the provisions of the Declaration and to recommend remedial measures, as appropriate;

7. Stresses the need for the Special Rapporteur to apply a gender perspective, inter alia through the identification of gender­specific abuses, in the reporting process, including in information collection and in recommendations;

8. Calls upon all Governments to cooperate with the Special Rapporteur on religious intolerance and to give serious consideration to inviting the Special Rapporteur to visit their countries so as to enable him to fulfil his mandate even more effectively;

9. Welcomes the work of the Special Rapporteur and reiterates the need for him to be able to respond effectively to credible and reliable information that comes before him, and invites him to continue to seek the views and comments of Governments concerned in the elaboration of his report, as well as to continue to carry out his work with discretion and independence;

10. Recognizes that the exercise of tolerance and non­discrimination by all actors in society is necessary for the full realization of the aims of the Declaration;

11. Welcomes and encourages the efforts of non­governmental organizations and religious bodies and groups to promote the implementation of the Declaration and invites them to consider what further contribution they could make to its implementation and dissemination in all parts of the world;

12. Decides to extend for three years the mandate of the Special Rapporteur appointed to examine incidents and governmental actions in all parts of the world that are incompatible with the provisions of the Declaration and to recommend remedial measures, as appropriate;

13. Considers it desirable to enhance the promotional and public information activities of the United Nations in matters relating to freedom of religion or belief and to ensure, as a matter of priority, the widest possible dissemination of the text of the Declaration by United Nations information centres, as well as by other interested bodies;

14. Requests the Secretary­General to provide all necessary assistance to the Special Rapporteur to enable him to carry out his mandate, to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty­third session and to report to the Commission at its fifty­fifth session;

15. Decides to continue its consideration of this question at its fifty­fifth session under the agenda item entitled "Implementation of the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief".


39th meeting
9 April 1998


[Adopted without a vote. See chap. XVIII.]


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