19 December 1968
General Assembly resolution 2443 (XXIII) of 19 December 1968
The General Assembly,
Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and by the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights,
Bearing in mind the provisions of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian
Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949,(1)
Mindful of the principle embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights regarding the right
of everyone to return to his own country, and recalling Security Council resolution 237 (1967) of 14
June 1967, General Assembly resolutions 2252 (ES-V) of 4 July 1967 and 2341 B (XXII) of 19
December 1967, Commission on Human Rights resolution 6 (XXIV) of 27 February 1968 (2) and
Economic and Social Council resolution 1336 (XLIV) of 31 May 1968, in which those United
Nations organs called upon the Government of Israel, inter alia, to facilitate the return of those
inhabitants who have fled the area of military operations since the outbreak of hostilities,
Recalling the telegram dispatched by the Commission on Human Rights on 8 March 1968, calling
upon the Government of Israel to desist forthwith from acts of destroying homes of the Arab civilian
population in areas occupied in Israel,(3)
Recalling also Security Council resolution 259 (1968) of 27 September 1968, in which the Council
expressed its concern for the safety, welfare and security of the inhabitants of the Arab territories
under military occupation by Israel, and deplored the delay in the implementation of Council
resolution 237 (1967),
Noting resolution I on respect for and implementation of human rights in occupied territories,
adopted by the International Conference on Human Rights on 7 May 1968,(4) in which the
Conference, inter alia:
(a) Expressed its grave concern at the violation of human rights in Arab territories occupied by
(b) Drew the attention of the Government of Israel to the grave consequences resulting from the
disregard of fundamental freedoms and human rights in occupied territories,
(c) Called upon the Government of Israel to desist forthwith from acts of destroying homes of the
Arab civilian population inhabiting areas occupied by Israel and to respect and implement the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949(5) in
(d) Affirmed the inalienable rights of all inhabitants who have left their homes as a result of the
outbreak of hostilities in the Middle East to return home, resume their normal life, recover their
property and homes, and rejoin their families according to the provisions of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights,
1. Decides to establish a Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human
Rights of the Population of the Occupied Territories, composed of three Member States;
2. Requests the President of the General Assembly to appoint the members of the Special
3. Requests the Government of Israel to receive the Special Committee, co-operate with it and
facilitate its work;
4. Requests the Special Committee to report to the Secretary-General as soon as possible and
whenever the need arises thereafter;
5. Requests the Secretary-General to provide the Special Committee with all the necessary facilities
for the performance of its task.
1. United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75 (1950), No. 973.
2. See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, Forty-fourth Session, Supplement No.
4 (E/4475), chapter XVIII.
3. Ibid., para. 400.
4. See Final Act of the International Conference on Human Rights (United Nations publications,
Sales No.: E.68.XIV.2), p.5.
5. United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75 (1950), Nos. 970-973.