1995/60. Ways and means of overcoming obstacles to the
establishment of a democratic society and
requirements for the maintenance of democracy

The Commission on Human Rights,

Bearing in mind the fulfilment of its mandate as defined in the Charter of the United Nations and the various resolutions of the Economic and Social Council,

Pursuing the objectives set forth in the Charter of the United Nations, namely to establish conditions under which justice and equal rights for men and women can be maintained, to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

Bearing in mind the indissoluble links between the principles enunciated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the foundations of any democratic society,

Aware that implementation of the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, such as the principles of human dignity, freedom of opinion,

freedom of association and freedom of expression and the right of participation takes place through establishment of a democratic society,
Bearing in mind that the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (A/CONF.157/23), adopted on 25 June 1993 by the World Conference on Human Rights, state in part I, paragraph 8, that democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms are interdependent and mutually reinforcing,

Taking account of the World Plan of Action on Education for Human Rights and Democracy, adopted by the International Congress on Education for Human Rights and Democracy held at Montreal from 8 to 11 March 1993,

Taking account also of General Assembly resolution 49/30 of 7 December 1994 entitled "Support by the United Nations system for the efforts of Governments to promote and consolidate new or restored democracies" and recognizing the importance of the Managua Declaration and Plan of Action adopted by the Second International Conference of New or Restored Democracies held in Managua from 4 to 6 July 1994),

Considering that democracy best serves to facilitate individual and collective expression of freedom of opinion,

Reaffirming that in a democracy the widest participation in the democratic dialogue by all sectors and actors of society must be promoted in order to come to agreements on appropriate solutions to the social, economic and cultural problems of a society,

Taking account of the fact that freedom of opinion and expression is reflected in a democratic society through an electoral system which allows all tendencies, interests and feelings to obtain representation at the level of the executive and legislative power and, therefore, at all levels of power,

Fully aware that creation of the conditions for a democratic society is essential for the prevention of discrimination and for the protection of minorities,

1. Requests the Secretary-General to circulate to the Commission on Human Rights any materials prepared in response to General Assembly resolution 49/30 of 7 December 1994 entitled "Support by the United Nations system for the efforts of Governments to promote and consolidate new or restored democracies";

2. Recommends that the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities discuss at its next session ways and means of overcoming obstacles to the consolidation of democratic societies, taking into account the relation between democracy, development and human rights;

3. Decides to examine, taking into account the outcome of the discussion to be held at the Subcommission, as well as the documentation to be submitted by the Secretary-General, ways and means of overcoming obstacles to the consolidation of democratic societies, taking into account the relation between democracy, development and human rights, at its fifty-second session,
under the agenda item entitled "Further promotion and encouragement of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the question of the programme and methods of work of the Commission".
59th meeting
7 March 1995
[Adopted without a vote. See chap. XI. E/CN.4/1995/176]


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