[cont'd p. 7]


X. QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL
FREEDOMS IN ANY PART OF THE WORLD, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE
TO COLONIAL AND OTHER DEPENDENT COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES,
INCLUDING:

(a) QUESTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN CYPRUS;

(b) STUDY OF SITUATIONS WHICH APPEAR TO REVEAL A CONSISTENT
PATTERN OF GROSS VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS AS PROVIDED
FOR IN COMMISSION RESOLUTION 8 (XXIII) AND ECONOMIC AND
SOCIAL COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS 1235 (XLII) AND 1503 (XLVIII):
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON SITUATIONS ESTABLISHED
BY ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1990/41
OF 25 MAY 1990

302. The Commission considered agenda item 10 and sub-item (a) at its 42nd to 49th meetings, from 14 to 16 April, and at its 56th to 60th meetings, from 21 to 24 April 1998. 1/ Item 10 (b) was considered by the Commission in closed session (see paras. 419-421 below).

303. For the documents issued under agenda item 10, see annex IV to the present report. For a list of all resolutions and decisions adopted by the Commission and Chairman's statements, by agenda item, see annex V to the present report.

304. At the 42nd meeting, on 14 April 1998, the following special rapporteurs introduced their reports:

(a) Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iraq, Mr. Max van der Stoel (E/CN.4/1998/67);

(b) Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Burundi, Mr. Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro (E/CN.4/1998/72). At the 49th meeting, on 16 April 1998, the Special Rapporteur made his concluding remarks.

305. Also at the 42nd meeting, the Special Representative of the Commission on the situation of human rights in Rwanda, Mr. Michel Moussalli, introduced his report (E/CN.4/1998/60).

306. At the 43rd meeting, on 14 April 1998, the following special rapporteurs introduced their reports:

(a) Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Afghanistan, Mr. Choong-Hyun Paik (E/CN.4/1998/71);

(b) Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Equatorial Guinea, Mr. Alejandro Artucio (E/CN.4/1998/73 and Add.1).

307. At the same meeting, the Special Representative of the Commission on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Mr. Maurice Copithorne, introduced his report (E/CN.4/1998/59 and Corr.1).

308. At the 45th meeting, on 15 April 1998, the following special rapporteurs introduced their reports:

(a) Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Mr. Bacre Waly N'diaye (E/CN.4/1998/68 and Corr.1 and Add.1-3);

(b) Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mr. Roberto Garretón (E/CN.4/1998/65 and Corr.1). Mr. Garretón also introduced the report of the joint investigative mission established pursuant to paragraph 6 (a) of Commission resolution 1997/58 of 15 April 1997 (E/CN.4/1998/64);

(c) Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cuba, Mr. Carl-Johan Groth (E/CN.4/1998/69);

(d) Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Nigeria, Mr. Soli Jehangir Sorabjee (E/CN.4/1998/62). At the 48th meeting, on 16 April 1998, the Special Rapporteur made his concluding remarks.

309. At the 46th meeting, on 15 April 1998, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Ms. Mary Robinson, introduced her report on the Human Rights Field Operation in Rwanda (E/CN.4/1998/61).

310. At the 48th meeting, on 16 April 1998, the following special rapporteurs introduced their reports:

(a) Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah (E/CN.4/1998/70);

(b) Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Sudan, Mr. Gáspár Bíró (E/CN.4/1998/66).

311. In the general debate on agenda item 10, statements 2/ were made by the following members of the Commission: Argentina (46th), Belarus (46th), Canada (48th), Chile (42nd), China (46th), Congo (48th), Cuba (45th, 48th), Democratic Republic of the Congo (48th), India (48th), Indonesia (48th), Japan (43rd), Nepal (46th), Pakistan (48th), Poland (48th), Russian Federation (48th), Rwanda (42nd, 46th), Sri Lanka (46th), Sudan (48th), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on behalf of the European Union and Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia aligned themselves with the statement) (42nd), United States of America (42nd, 45th).

312. The Commission heard statements by the observers for: Afghanistan (43rd), Algeria (48th), Armenia (47th), Australia (48th), Azerbaijan (49th), Bosnia and Herzegovina (49th), Burundi (42nd), Croatia (48th), Cyprus (47th), Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (48th), Egypt (43rd), Equatorial Guinea (43rd), Greece (47th), Iran (Islamic Republic of) (43rd, 48th), Iraq (42nd, 43rd), Israel (48th), Kuwait (47th), Lebanon (47th), Myanmar (47th, 48th), New Zealand (43rd), Nicaragua (47th), Norway (47th), Portugal (48th), Saudi Arabia (47th), Singapore (43rd), Syrian Arab Republic (47th), United Republic of Tanzania (49th). The Observer for Switzerland also made a statement (47th).

313. The Commission also heard statements by the following non-governmental organizations: African Commission of Health and Human Rights Promoters (43rd), Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Organization (47th), Aliran Kesedaran Negara - National Consciousness Movement (44th), American Association of Jurists (45th), Amnesty International (43rd), Andean Commission of Jurists (46th), Anglican Consultative Council (47th), Arab Lawyers Union (44th), Arab Organization for Human Rights (45th), Article XIX: The International Centre against Censorship (43rd), Asian Buddhists Conference for Peace (45th), Asian Cultural Forum on Development (45th), Association for World Education (43rd), Baha'i International Community (44th), Canadian Council of Churches (44th), Catholic Institute for International Relations (44th), Center for European Studies (47th), Centre Europe-Tiers Monde (43rd), Christian Democrat International (44th), Christian Solidarity International (46th), Commission for the Defense of Human Rights in Central America (47th), Commission of the Churches on International Affairs of the World Council of Churches (46th), European Union of Public Relations (47th), Family Planning Association of Pakistan (47th), Fédération des associations pour la défense et la promotion des droits de l'homme (47th), Federation of Cuban Women (45th), Felix Varela Center (46th), France-Libertés: Fondation Danielle Mitterrand (46th), Franciscans International (43rd), General Arab Women Federation (44th), Human Rights Advocates, Inc. (46th), Human Rights Watch (43rd), Indian Council of Education (46th), Indian Law Resource Centre (46th), Indian Movement “Tupaj Amaru” (46th), International Association against Torture (joint statement with December Twelfth Movement International Secretariat) (46th), International Association for Religious Freedom (45th), International Association for the Defence of Religious Liberty (47th), International Association of Democratic Lawyers (43rd), International Commission of Jurists (45th), International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (44th), International Educational Development, Inc. (47th), International Federation for the Protection of the Rights of Ethnic, Religious, Linguistic and Other Minorities (44th), International Federation of ACAT (Action of Christians for the Abolition of Torture) (45th), International Federation of Human Rights Leagues (44th), International Federation of Rural Adult Catholic Movements (47th), International Federation of Women in Legal Careers (43rd), International Fellowship of Reconciliation (44th), International Human Rights Law Group (44th), International Institute for Non-Aligned Studies (46th), International Institute for Peace (46th), International League for Human Rights (44th), International League for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples (46th), International Peace Bureau (44th), International PEN (43rd), International Progress Organization (45th), International Service for Human Rights (47th), International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (46th), Inter-Parliamentary Union (44th), Latin American Federation of Journalists (43rd), Movement against Racism and for Friendship among Peoples (46th), Movimiento Cubano por la Paz y la Soberanía de los Pueblos (46th), National Union of Jurists of Cuba (46th), North South XXI (46th), Pax Christi International (46th), Pax Romana (44th), Permanent Assembly for Human Rights (46th), Reporters without Borders - International (46th), Robert F. Kennedy Memorial (44th), Service Peace and Justice in Latin America (47th), Society for Threatened Peoples (44th), Transnational Radical Party (47th), Union of Arab Jurists (43rd), World Alliance of Reformed Churches (44th), World Confederation of Labour (47th), World Muslim Congress (47th), World Organization against Torture (43rd), World Society of Victimology (47th), Worldview International Foundation (44th).

314. Statements in exercise of the right of reply or its equivalent were made by the representatives of India (49th), Malaysia (47th), Pakistan (49th) and the Sudan (44th) and by the observers for Algeria (44th, 49th), Bahrain (44th), Belarus (44th), Costa Rica (44th), Cyprus (49th), the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (44th), Egypt (47th), Greece (49th), Iraq (44th, 47th), Jordan (47th), Kenya (47th), Kuwait (47th), Lebanon (49th), Nigeria (47th), the Syrian Arab Republic (49th) and Turkey (49th).

Situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

315. At the 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on behalf of the European Union) introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.78, sponsored by Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Luxembourg, Norway and the United States of America subsequently joined the sponsors.

316. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

317. A statement in connection with the draft resolution was made by the representative of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

318. At the request of the representative of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, a roll-call vote was taken on the draft resolution, which was adopted by 28 votes to 7, with 18 abstentions. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guatemala, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Peru, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, South Africa, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Against: China, Congo, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Rwanda, Uganda.

Abstaining: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Botswana, Guinea, India, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tunisia.

319. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/61.

Human rights situation in southern Lebanon and western Bekaa

320. At the 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of Tunisia (on behalf of the League of Arab States) introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.80, sponsored by Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Cuba, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the Sudan, the Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia and Yemen. Pakistan subsequently joined the sponsors.

321. The eighth preambular paragraph of the draft resolution was orally revised by the representative of Tunisia.

322. The representative of the United States of America requested a vote. At the request of the representative of Tunisia, a roll-call vote was taken on the draft resolution, as orally revised, which was adopted by 52 votes to 1. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Congo, Cuba, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guatemala, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Against: United States of America.

Abstaining: None.

323. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/62.

Situation of human rights in Myanmar

324. At the 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on behalf of the European Union) introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.81/Rev.1, sponsored by Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. Costa Rica subsequently joined the sponsors.

325. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

326. A statement in connection with the draft resolution was made by the Observer for Myanmar.

327. The draft resolution was adopted without a vote.

328. At the 60th meeting, on 24 April 1998, the representative of Japan made a statement in connection with the resolution.

329. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/63.

Situation of human rights in Nigeria

330. At the 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on behalf of the European Union) introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.83, sponsored by Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. New Zealand, Norway and the United States of America subsequently joined the sponsors.

331. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

332. A statement in connection with the draft resolution was made by the Observer for Nigeria.

333. Statements in explanation of vote before the vote were made by the representatives of China, Guinea and Uganda.

334. At the request of the representative of Senegal, a roll-call vote was taken on the draft resolution, which was adopted by 28 votes to 9, with 16 abstentions. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guatemala, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Peru, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, South Africa, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Against: China, Congo, Cuba, Guinea, Indonesia, Mali, Pakistan, Rwanda, Sudan.

Abstaining: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Botswana, Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Philippines, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Tunisia.

335. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/64.

Situation of human rights in Iraq

336. At the 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on behalf of the European Union) introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.85, sponsored by Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. Costa Rica and Slovakia subsequently joined the sponsors.

337. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

338. Statements in connection with the draft resolution were made by the representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and by the observers for Iraq and Kuwait.

339. Statements in explanation of vote before the vote were made by the representatives of the Russian Federation and the Sudan.

340. At the request of the representative of the Russian Federation, a roll-call vote was taken on operative paragraphs 2 (a), 3 (h), 3 (j), 3 (k) and 3 (m) together. The Commission decided, by 28 votes to none, with 24 abstentions, to retain these paragraphs. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guatemala, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Peru, Poland, Republic of Korea, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay.

Against: None.

Abstaining: Bangladesh, Belarus, China, Congo, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tunisia, Venezuela.

341. At the request of the representative of the Sudan, a roll-call vote was taken on the draft resolution, which was adopted by 32 votes to none, with 21 abstentions. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Belarus, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guatemala, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Peru, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Against: None.

Abstaining: Bangladesh, Cape Verde, China, Congo, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tunisia.

342. At the 60th meeting, on 24 April 1998, the representative of Tunisia made a statement in explanation of vote.

343. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/65.

Situation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

344. At the 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of the United States of America introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.86, sponsored by Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovenia, Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. Albania, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Ireland, Japan, Morocco, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia subsequently joined the sponsors.

345. The representative of the United States of America orally revised the title of the draft resolution and operative paragraphs 4, 7, 9 (d), 10 (c), 10 (g), 14 (b), 14 (c), 22, 24 (f), 33, 37 and 40 (b), and inserted a new paragraph after operative paragraph 18.

346. A statement in connection with the draft resolution was made by the Observer for Bosnia and Herzegovina.

347. At the request of the representatives of France and the Russian Federation, consideration of the draft resolution was postponed.

348. At the 59th meeting, on 22 April 1998, the representative of the United States of America introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.86/Rev.1.

349. Operative paragraph 25 (g) of the draft resolution was orally revised by the representative of the United States of America.

350. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

351. A statement in connection with the draft resolution was made by the Observer for Croatia.

352. Statements in explanation of vote before the vote were made by the representatives of China and the Russian Federation.

353. At the request of the representative of the Russian Federation, a roll-call vote was taken on operative paragraphs 22, 25, 29 (b), 30, 33 and 35 together. The Commission decided, by 35 votes to 2, with 15 abstentions, to retain these paragraphs. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Republic of Korea, Senegal, Sudan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Against: Belarus, Russian Federation.

Abstaining: Cape Verde, China, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Rwanda, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tunisia.

354. At the request of the representative of the Russian Federation, a roll-call vote was taken on the draft resolution, as orally revised, which was adopted by 41 votes to none, with 12 abstentions. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guatemala, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Republic of Korea, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Against: None.

Abstaining: Belarus, Cape Verde, China, Congo, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, India, Madagascar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Sri Lanka.

355. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/79.

Cooperation with representatives of United Nations human rights bodies

356. At the 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the Observer for Hungary introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.87, sponsored by Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America and Uruguay. Australia, the Dominican Republic and El Salvador subsequently joined the sponsors.

357. The draft resolution was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/66.

Situation of human rights in the Sudan

358. At the 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of the United States of America introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.88, sponsored by Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. Argentina, Austria, Ireland, the Netherlands, Poland and Sweden subsequently joined the sponsors.

359. The representative of the United States of America orally revised the draft resolution by inserting a new preambular paragraph after the sixth preambular paragraph and by making changes to operative paragraphs 10 and 11.

360. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

361. A statement in explanation of vote before the vote was made by the representative of the Sudan.

362. At the request of the representative of the Sudan, a roll-call vote was taken on the draft resolution, as orally revised, which was adopted by 31 votes to 6, with 16 abstentions. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Belarus, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guatemala, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Peru, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, South Africa, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Against: China, Cuba, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Sudan.

Abstaining: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Tunisia.

363. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/67.

Situation of human rights in Cuba

364. At its 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the Commission considered draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.89.

365. The representative of the United States of America requested that consideration of the draft resolution be postponed.

366. Statements in connection with the draft resolution were made by the representatives of Argentina, Canada, China, Cuba and Mexico.

367. The Commission decided to take action on the draft resolution.

368. The representative of the United States of America introduced draft
resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.89, sponsored by Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, the Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Romania, San Marino, Slovenia, Sweden, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. Albania, Japan, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal and Switzerland subsequently joined the sponsors.

369. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

370. Statements in explanation of vote before the vote were made by the representatives of Chile, China, Cuba and Uruguay.

371. At the request of the representative of Cuba, a roll-call vote was taken on the draft resolution, which read as follows:

Situation of human rights in Cuba

372. The draft resolution was rejected by 19 votes to 16, with 18 abstentions. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Poland, Republic of Korea, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America.

Against: Belarus, Bhutan, Cape Verde, China, Congo, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mali, Mozambique, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Uganda.

Abstaining: Bangladesh, Botswana, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Guatemala, Madagascar, Mexico, Morocco, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela.

373. At the 60th meeting, on 24 April 1998, the representative of Argentina made a statement in explanation of vote.

Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

374. At the 57th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the Observer for Sweden introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.90, sponsored by Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Nepal, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Senegal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Uganda, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Uruguay and Venezuela. Cape Verde, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Guinea and Ukraine subsequently joined the sponsors.

375. Operative paragraphs 6, 17 and 22 of the draft resolution were orally revised by the Observer for Sweden.

376. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

377. A statement in explanation of vote before the vote was made by the representative of the United States of America.

378. The draft resolution, as orally revised, was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/68.

Situation of human rights in Afghanistan

379. At its 57th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the Commission considered draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.91, sponsored by Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. Belgium, the Czech Republic, Lithuania and Norway subsequently joined the sponsors.

380. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

381. Statements in connection with the draft resolution were made by the representatives of Italy and Pakistan.

382. The representative of Italy, on behalf of the sponsors, orally revised operative paragraph 3 of the draft resolution and requested that consideration of the draft resolution be postponed.

383. The Commission decided to adopt draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.91, as orally revised, without a vote, as a resolution proposed by the Chairman.

384. At the 60th meeting, on 24 April 1998, the representative of Pakistan made a statement in connection with the resolution.

385. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/70.
Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

386. At the 57th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.100, sponsored by Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Costa Rica, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. San Marino subsequently joined the sponsors.

387. Statements in connection with the draft resolution were made by the representatives of Mexico, Morocco, Pakistan and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

388. The representative of Pakistan introduced proposed amendments to draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.100 (E/CN.4/1998/L.105), sponsored by Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Pakistan, Qatar, Senegal and the Sudan. Oman subsequently joined the sponsors.

389. In accordance with rule 52 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the Commission decided to postpone consideration of draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.100.

390. At its 58th meeting, on 22 April 1998, the Commission resumed consideration of draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.100 and the proposed amendments thereto (E/CN.4/1998/L.105).

391. A statement in connection with the draft resolution and the proposed amendments thereto was made by the representative of Pakistan.

392. At the request of the representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, consideration of the draft resolution and the proposed amendments thereto was postponed.

393. At its 59th meeting, on 22 April 1998, the Commission resumed consideration of draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.100 and the proposed amendments thereto (E/CN.4/1998/L.105).

394. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

395. Statements in connection with the draft resolution were made by the representatives of Bangladesh, China, Germany, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Russian Federation, the Sudan and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on behalf of the European Union) and by the Observer for the Islamic Republic of Iran.

396. The representative of Pakistan withdrew the proposed amendments to draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.100 (E/CN.4/1998/L.105), which read as follows:

397. At the request of the representative of Pakistan, a roll-call vote was taken on the draft resolution, which was adopted by 23 votes to 14, with 16 abstentions. The voting was as follows:

In favour: Argentina, Austria, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guatemala, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Peru, Poland, Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Venezuela.

Against: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Congo, Cuba, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Pakistan, Philippines, Sudan.

Abstaining: Belarus, Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal, Republic of Korea, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay.

398. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/80.

Situation of human rights in Rwanda

399. At the 57th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of Senegal introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.101, sponsored by Senegal (on behalf of the Group of African States). Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Switzerland and the United States of America subsequently joined the sponsors.

400. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

401. A statement in connection with the draft resolution was made by the representative of Canada.

402. The draft resolution was adopted without a vote.

403. At the 60th meeting, on 24 April 1998, the representatives of Rwanda and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on behalf of the European Union) made statements in connection with the resolution.

404. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/69.

Situation of human rights in Equatorial Guinea and assistance in the
field of human rights

405. At the 57th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the representative of Senegal introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.104, sponsored by Senegal (on behalf of the Group of African States). The United States of America subsequently joined the sponsors.

406. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

407. The draft resolution was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/71.

Situation of human rights in Burundi

408. At the 60th meeting, on 24 April 1998, the representative of Senegal introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.102/Rev.1, sponsored by Senegal (on behalf of the Group of African States).

409. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

410. A statement in connection with the draft resolution was made by the Observer for Burundi.

411. Statements in explanation of vote before the vote were made by the representatives of Canada and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on behalf of the European Union).

412. The draft resolution was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/82.

413. At the same meeting, the representative of Mexico made a statement in explanation of vote before the adoption of all resolutions under agenda item 10.

East Timor

414. On 15 April 1998, the representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland submitted draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.82, entitled “Situation of human rights in East Timor”, which was sponsored by Angola, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mozambique, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Cape Verde, Sao Tome and Principe and the United States of America subsequently joined the sponsors.

415. The draft resolution read as follows:
Situation of human rights in East Timor

416. At the 60th meeting, on 24 April 1998, the Chairman informed the Commission that draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.82 had been replaced by a Chairman's statement, which he made on behalf of the Commission. The statement read as follows:
(a) Question of human rights in Cyprus

417. At the 57th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the Chairman submitted a draft decision on the question of human rights in Cyprus.

418. The draft decision was adopted without a vote. For the text of the decision as adopted, see chapter II, section B, decision 1998/109.

(b) Study of situations which appear to reveal a consistent
419. The Commission considered agenda item 10 (b) in closed session at its 36th and 37th meetings, on 8 April 1998. It had before it for consideration under Economic and Social Council resolution 1503 (XLVIII) the human rights situations in Chad, the Gambia, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Paraguay, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone and Yemen, as publicly announced by the Chairman. The Chairman also announced that the Commission had decided to discontinue consideration of the human rights situations in Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Paraguay, Peru, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

420. The Chairman reminded the members of the Commission that, in conformity with paragraph 8 of Economic and Social Council resolution 1503 (XLVIII), they should not make any reference in public debate to the confidential decisions taken under that resolution or to any confidential material relating thereto.

421. In accordance with rule 21 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, and after consultations with the regional groups, the Chairman would designate five members of the Commission to serve in their personal capacity on the Working Group on Situations to meet prior to the fifty-fifth session of the Commission in 1999.



XI. MEASURES TO IMPROVE THE SITUATION AND ENSURE THE HUMAN RIGHTS AND DIGNITY OF ALL MIGRANT WORKERS

422. The Commission considered agenda item 11 concurrently with items 16 and 18 (see chaps. XVI and XVIII) at its 21st to 24th meetings, from 27 to 31 March, and at its 38th meeting, on 9 April 1998. 1/

423. For the documents issued under agenda item 11, see annex IV to the present report. For a list of all resolutions and decisions adopted by the Commission and Chairman's statements, by agenda item, see annex V to the present report.

424. At the 22nd meeting, on 30 March 1998, the Chairman-Rapporteur of the working group of intergovernmental experts on the human rights of migrants, Mr. Jorge A. Bustamante, introduced the report of the working group on its first and second sessions (E/CN.4/1998/76).

425. In the general debate on agenda item 11, statements 2/ were made by the following members of the Commission: Bangladesh (22nd), Cape Verde (21st), Czech Republic (22nd), Ecuador (22nd), El Salvador (24th), Guatemala (24th), Mexico (22nd), Morocco (23rd), Pakistan (24th), Philippines (23rd), Republic of Korea (22nd), Ukraine (23rd).

426. The Commission heard statements by the Observers for: Costa Rica (21st), Egypt (22nd), Ethiopia (23rd), Turkey (22nd).

427. Statements were also made by the Observers for the International Labour Organization (22nd) and the International Organization for Migration (24th).

428. The Commission also heard statements by the following non-governmental organizations: African Association of Education for Development (24th), Centre Europe-Tiers Monde (21st), Commission of the Churches on International Affairs of the World Council of Churches (joint statement with Conference of European Churches, Lutheran World Federation, World Alliance of Reformed Churches) (21st), Human Rights Advocates, Inc. (21st), International Indian Treaty Council (21st), Movement against Racism and for Friendship among Peoples (23rd), Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (23rd).

429. At its 38th meeting, on 9 April 1998, the Commission took up consideration of the draft resolutions submitted under agenda item 11.

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

430. The representative of Mexico introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.27, sponsored by Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Peru, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Tunisia and Turkey. Bangladesh, Cape Verde, Cuba and Portugal subsequently joined the sponsors.

431. The draft resolution was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/15.

Migrants and human rights

432. The representative of Mexico introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.28, sponsored by Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Portugal, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey and Uganda. Ghana, Pakistan, Senegal and Uruguay subsequently joined the sponsors.

433. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

434. The draft resolution was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/16.

Violence against women migrant workers

435. The representative of the Philippines introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.30, sponsored by Bangladesh, Belgium, Cape Verde, Chile, C_te d’Ivoire, El Salvador, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Madagascar, Mexico, Morocco, Nepal, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Peru, the Philippines, Portugal, South Africa and Sri Lanka. Argentina and Ecuador subsequently joined the sponsors.

436. Operative paragraph 2 of the draft resolution was orally revised by the representative of the Philippines.

437. The draft resolution, as orally revised, was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/17.



XII. RACISM, RACIAL DISCRIMINATION, XENOPHOBIA AND RELATED INTOLERANCE

438. The Commission considered agenda item 12 at its 10th to 12th meetings, on 20 and 23 March, at its 51st meeting, on 17 April, and at its 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998. 1/

439. For the documents issued under agenda item 12, see annex IV to the present report. For a list of all resolutions and decisions adopted by the Commission and Chairman's statements, by agenda item, see annex V to the present report.

440. At the 10th meeting, on 20 March 1998, Mr. Ivan Garvalov, a member of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, made a statement.

441. At the 11th meeting, on 23 March 1998, the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, Mr. Maurice Glélé-Ahanhanzo, introduced his report (E/CN.4/1998/79). At the 12th meeting, also on 23 March 1998, the Special Rapporteur made his concluding remarks.

442. In the general debate on agenda item 12, statements 2/ were made by the following members of the Commission: Argentina (11th), Bangladesh (11th), Brazil (10th), China (10th), Cuba (11th), Czech Republic (11th), Guatemala (11th), Madagascar (11th), Pakistan (11th), Philippines (11th), Russian Federation (11th), Senegal (11th), Sudan (11th), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on behalf of the European Union, and Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia aligned themselves with the statement) (10th), United States of America (12th).

443. The Commission heard statements by the Observers for: Egypt (10th), Iran (Islamic Republic of) (12th), Israel (12th), Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (12th), Turkey (12th).

444. A statement was also made by the Observer for the Order of Malta (10th).

445. The Commission also heard statements by the following non-governmental organizations: African Association of Education for Development (12th), African Commission of Health and Human Rights Promoters (11th), All India Women’s Conference (joint statement with Movement against Racism and for Friendship among Peoples, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, World Federation of Democratic Youth, World Peace Council) (12th), American Association of Jurists (12th), Association for World Education (11th), December Twelfth Movement International Secretariat (12th), European Union of Public Relations (12th), International Association against Torture (12th), International Council of Jewish Women (11th), International Educational Development, Inc. (12th), International Institute for Non-Aligned Studies (11th), International Movement against All Forms of Discrimination and Racism (11th), International Progress Organization (12th), Movement against Racism and for Friendship among Peoples (12th), Transnational Radical Party (11th), Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (11th), World Federation for Mental Health (12th), World Federation of Democratic Youth (11th), World Jewish Congress (11th).

446. A statement in exercise of the equivalent of the right of reply was made by the Observer for Mauritania (12th).

Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

447. At the 51st meeting, on 17 April 1998, the representative of Senegal introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.37, sponsored by China, Cuba, Mexico, Senegal (on behalf of the Group of African States) and Turkey. Bangladesh, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, France, Germany, Greece, India, Iraq, Israel, Italy and Uruguay subsequently joined the sponsors.

448. Operative paragraph 50 of the draft resolution was orally revised by the representative of Senegal.

449. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution. In that regard, a statement of the estimated administrative and programme budget implications of draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.37 was issued in document E/CN.4/1998/L.98.

450. The draft resolution, as orally revised, was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/26.

Recognition of slavery and the slave trade as a crime against humanity

451. At its 56th meeting, on 21 April 1998, the Commission decided to postpone consideration of draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.36/Rev.1, sponsored by Cuba, Israel and Senegal (on behalf of the Group of African States), subsequently joined by Yemen, to maintain contact and to continue consultations in order to reach a consensus. The draft resolution read as follows:
Recognition of slavery and the slave trade
as a crime against humanity



XIII. STATUS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS

452. The Commission considered agenda item 13 concurrently with item 14 (see chap. XIV) at its 12th and 13th meetings, on 23 and 24 March, and at its 31st meeting, on 3 April 1998. 1/

453. For the documents issued under agenda item 13, see annex IV to the present report. For a list of all resolutions and decisions adopted by the Commission and Chairman's statements, by agenda item, see annex V to the present report.

454. In the general debate on agenda item 13, statements 2/ were made by the following members of the Commission: Argentina (13th), Brazil (13th), China (13th), India (13th), Ireland (12th), Italy (12th), Republic of Korea (13th), Russian Federation (13th), Uruguay (13th).

455. The Commission heard statements by the Observers for: Armenia (13th), Estonia (12th), Norway (12th), Romania (13th), Singapore (13th), Swaziland (13th). The Observer for Switzerland also made a statement (13th).

456. The Commission also heard statements by the following non-governmental organizations: African Commission of Health and Human Rights Promoters (13th), American Association of Jurists (12th), Amnesty International (12th), Asian Cultural Forum on Development (12th), Himalayan Research and Cultural Foundation (13th), Human Rights Advocates, Inc. (13th), International League for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples (12th), Transnational Radical Party (12th), World Muslim Congress (13th).

457. At its 31st meeting, on 3 April 1998, the Commission took up consideration of the draft resolutions submitted under agenda item 13.

Question of the death penalty

458. The representative of Italy introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.12, sponsored by Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mali, Malta, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, the Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Uruguay and Venezuela. Andorra, Angola, Canada and Israel subsequently joined the sponsors.

459. A statement in connection with the draft resolution was made by the representative of China.

460. Statements in explanation of vote before the vote were made by the representatives of Bhutan, Madagascar, Pakistan, the Philippines, Tunisia and the United States of America.
461. The representative of the United States of America requested a vote. At the request of the representative of Italy, a roll-call vote was taken on the draft resolution, which was adopted by 26 votes to 13, with 12 abstentions. The voting was as follows:

462. A statement in explanation of vote after the vote was made by the representative of Bangladesh.

463. The delegation of Mozambique later advised the Secretariat that, had it been present, it would have voted in favour of the draft resolution.

464. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/8.

Status of the International Covenants on Human Rights

465. The Observer for Norway introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.13, sponsored by Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Canada, Chile, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Poland, the Republic of Korea, Senegal, Slovakia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland and Venezuela. Andorra, Bulgaria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Madagascar, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, the Russian Federation, Spain, Ukraine and Uruguay subsequently joined the sponsors.

466. Operative paragraph 11 of the draft resolution was orally revised by the Observer for Norway.

467. The draft resolution, as orally revised, was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/9.

Fiftieth anniversary of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

468. The Observer for Armenia introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.14, sponsored by Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Mexico, Nepal, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation, Rwanda, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Uganda and the United States of America. Albania, Angola, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Georgia, Israel, Malaysia, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Portugal subsequently joined the sponsors.

469. The draft resolution was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/10.



XIV. EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF BODIES ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS

470. The Commission considered agenda item 14 concurrently with item 13 (see chap. XIII) at its 12th and 13th meetings, on 23 and 24 March, at its 15th meeting, on 25 March, at its 31st meeting, on 3 April, and at its 51st meeting, on 17 April 1998. 1/

471. For the documents issued under agenda item 14, see annex IV to the present report. For a list of all resolutions and decisions adopted by the Commission and Chairman's statements, by agenda item, see annex V to the present report.

472. At the 15th meeting, on 25 March 1998, a statement was made by Mr. Philip Alston, Chairman of the eighth and ninth meetings of the Chairpersons of the human rights treaty bodies.

473. In the general debate on agenda item 14, statements 2/ were made by the following members of the Commission: Austria (13th), Brazil (13th), China (13h), Cuba (13th), India (13th), Poland (13th), Republic of Korea (13th), Russian Federation (13th).

474. The Commission heard statements by the Observers for: Australia (also on behalf of Canada, New Zealand) (13th), Norway (12th), Romania (13th).

475. The Commission also heard statements by the following non-governmental organizations: African Commission of Health and Human Rights Promoters (13th), Asian Cultural Forum on Development (12th), Association for World Education (joint statement with African Association of Education for Development, Associated Country Women of the World, Association of World Citizens, Christian Solidarity International, Coalition against Trafficking in Women, Coordinating Board of Jewish Organizations, Education International, General Conference of the Seventh-Day Adventists, International Alliance of Women-Equal Rights, Equal Responsibilities, International Association for the Defence of Religious Liberty, International Association of Democratic Lawyers, International Council of Jewish Women, International Council of Women, International Federation of Resistance Movements, International Federation of University Women, International Movement against All Forms of Discrimination and Racism, International Movement for Fraternal Union among Races and Peoples, International Organization for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, International Service for Human Rights, Lutheran World Federation, Movement against Racism and for Friendship among Peoples, Pan Pacific and South East Asia Women’s Association, Socialist International Women, Soroptimist International, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, World Alliance of Young Men’s Christian Associations, World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, World Federation for Mental Health, World Federation of Methodist and Uniting Church Women, World Federation of Trade Unions, World Jewish Congress, World Union for Progressive Judaism, World Vision International, World Young Women’s Christian Association, Zonta International) (12th), European Union of Public Relations (13th), World Jewish Congress (13th), World Muslim Congress (13th).

Effective implementation of international instruments on human rights,
including reporting obligations under international instruments on human rights

476. At the 31st meeting, on 3 April 1998, the representative of Canada introduced draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.15, sponsored by Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, New Zealand, Norway, Romania and Spain. Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Chile, Denmark, El Salvador, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, the Republic of Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Uruguay subsequently joined the sponsors.

477. In accordance with rule 28 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council, the attention of the Commission was drawn to the estimated administrative and programme budget implications 3/ of the draft resolution.

478. At the request of the representatives of Canada and Cuba, consideration of the draft resolution was postponed.

479. At its 51st meeting, on 17 April 1998, the Commission resumed consideration of draft resolution E/CN.4/1998/L.15.

480. Operative paragraph 14 of the draft resolution was orally revised by the representative of Canada.

481. The draft resolution, as orally revised, was adopted without a vote. For the text of the resolution as adopted, see chapter II, section A, resolution 1998/27.


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