54. The Committee thanks the Government of Iceland for its frank cooperation and its representative for the constructive dialogue. It considers that the initial report of the State party fully conforms with the Committee’s general guidelines for the preparation of reports and provides detailed information on the implementation of each provision of the Convention.
2. Positive aspects
55. The Committee notes with satisfaction that Iceland has made the declarations necessary to recognize the Committee’s competence under article 21 and 22 of the Convention.
56. It also notes with satisfaction that the amendments to the Constitution adopted in 1995 enhance protection of human rights and establish, in particular, the absolute prohibition of torture.
57. The Committee finally commends the Icelandic authorities for the enactment of legislation and rules on the rights of arrested persons, interrogations by the police, and the protection of persons committed to psychiatric hospitals against their will.
3. Subjects of concern
58. The Committee is concerned over the fact that torture is not considered as a specific crime in the penal legislation of the State party.
59. It is equally concerned about the use of solitary confinement, particularly as a preventive measure during pre-trial detention.
60. The Committee recommends that:
(a) Torture as a specific crime be included in the penal legislation of Iceland;
(b) The Icelandic authorities review the provisions regulating solitary confinement during pre-trial detention in order to reduce considerably the cases to which solitary confinement could be applicable;
(c) The legislation concerning evidence to be adduced in judicial proceedings be brought in line with the provisions of article 15 of the Convention so as to explicitly exclude any evidence made as a result of torture;
(d) Information on constraining measures applied in psychiatric hospitals be included in Iceland’s next periodic report.