|Reservation text ||"(1) That article 20 does not authorize or require legislation or other action by the United States that would restrict the right of free speech and|
association protected by the Constitution and laws of the United States.
"(2) That the United States reserves the right, subject to its Constitutional constraints, to impose capital punishment on any person (other than
a pregnant woman) duly convicted under existing or future laws permitting the imposition of capital punishment, including such punishment for
crimes committed by persons below eighteen years of age.
"(3) That the United States considers itself bound by article 7 to the extent that `cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment' means
the cruel and unusual treatment or punishment prohibited by the Fifth, Eighth, and/or Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the
"(4) That because U.S. law generally applies to an offender the penalty in force at the time the offence was committed, the United States does
not adhere to the third clause of paragraph 1 of article 15.
"(5) That the policy and practice of the United States are generally in compliance with and supportive of the Covenant's provisions regarding
treatment of juveniles in the criminal justice system. Nevertheless, the United States reserves the right, in exceptional circumstances, to treat
juveniles as adults, notwithstanding paragraphs 2 (b) and 3 of article 10 and paragraph 4 of article 14. The United States further reserves to
these provisions with respect to States with respect to individuals who volunteer for military service prior to age 18."